noun, f., n-decl., 2 occ.

Type: plant

Last Update: 26.11.2009 11:33

References Last Update: 25.09.2020 13:16

Meaning Last Update: 13.10.2008 20:42

  • a: plant
    Inula helenium L., elecampane, Echter Alant
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Comment Last Update: 09.06.2011 09:03

  • Comment on (a): Inula helenium L., elecampane, Echter Alant

    Etymology: Cf. Holthausen: "heoloþe f. in hēah ~ 'Alant', zu holm, hylt (wegen der Höhe)." But his argument is not very convincing because only the name →hēahhioloþe seems to refer to the plant's height. The form -hæleþe in the plant name hindhæleþe, a variant of hind-heoloþe, could be a folk-etymology related to hǣlan 'heal, heilen' (with shortening because of its polysyllability) going back to -hioloþe, -heoloþe.

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Occurrences Last Update: 10.08.2009 06:49

  • LB, 82/38 gsg hioloþan
  • LB, 83/1[1] gsg hioloþan
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Etymology Last Update: 26.11.2009 11:33

  • Etymology: Etymology-Comment:
  • Word-Formation:
  • Word-Formation-Comment:
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Image Last Update: 26.11.2009 11:33

Inula helenium L., elecampane, Echter Alant


Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Thomé, Otto Wilhelm. Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. In 4 Mappen ; 531 Tafeln in naturgetreuen Farben mit 668 Pflanzenarten. Leipzip: Teubner, 1938.

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Research Literature

BW I: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 1. Bern, Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1975.
LB: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Leech Book." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 2. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Longman [et. al.], 1961. 1-360.
LB: Leonhardi, Günther. Kleinere angelsächsische Denkmäler I. Bibliothek der ags. Prosa VI. Hamburg: Grand, 1905.
Deegan, Marilyn. A Critical Edition of MS. B.L. Royal 12.D.XVII: Bald's 'Leechbook'. Diss. Univ. of Manchester. 1988.
MS London, British Library, Royal 12 D.xvii.
Wright, Cyril E. (ed.). Bald's Leechbook. Early English manuscripts in facsimile. 5. Kopenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1955.

Cockayne (1962,II, 274, n.1) suggests reading eh hioloþan. A parallel recipe in the same chapter suggests that the plant names hēah-heoloþe and heoloþe denote the same plant but this does not support Cockayne"s variant: LB 82/26ff: Leoht drenc; [...] betonica, heahhioloþe, hindhioloþe, gagille; 82/38ff: Leoht drenc; genim wermod 7 betonican 7 hioloþan læst, hindhioloþan.).