noun, f., n-decl., 6 occ.

Type: plant

Last Update: 07.06.2011 10:47

Reference Last Update: 27.11.2020 07:48

Meaning Last Update: 04.11.2009 12:24

  • A: plant: introduced By whom, when?
    Inula helenium L., elecampane, Echter Alant
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Comment Last Update: 07.06.2011 10:43

  • Comment on (A): Inula helenium L., elecampane, Echter Alant

    In LB 82/21 and 82/27 hēahheoloþe and →eolone occur in the same recipe, therefore we have to assume that the latter denotes a different (smaller?, more common?) Inula species. Hēahheoloþe has to denote a large plant: I. helenium can grow up to two meters in hight. Cf. the NHG name 'Großer Alant' (Marzell 2000,II,1012f).

    Storms (1948,323) equates hēahheoloþe with →hind-heoloþe, probably because the LB (7/4ff.) and LA (96/4ff.) record the same recipe, which differs only in this plant name. Petitt (2001,II,l.4) suggests that a "[s]cribal error or auditory confusion might explain the differing first elements hind- and heah-."

    Etymology: hēah- = 'high, hoch'; -heoloþe: cf. s.v. LINKTO [heoloþe].

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Occurrences Last Update: 07.08.2009 13:57

  • LB, 32/3 asg heahhioloþan
  • LB, 32/7 nsg heahhioloþe
  • LB, 42/15 nsg heahhioloþe
  • LB, 7/4 asg heahheoloþan
  • LB, 82/21 asg heahhioloþan
  • LB, 82/27 nsg heahhioloþe
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Etymology Last Update: 07.06.2011 10:47

  • Etymology: Etymology-Comment:
  • Word-Formation:
  • Word-Formation-Comment:
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Image Last Update: 07.06.2011 10:47

Inula helenium L., elecampane, Echter Alant


Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Thomé, Otto Wilhelm. Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. In 4 Mappen ; 531 Tafeln in naturgetreuen Farben mit 668 Pflanzenarten. Leipzip: Teubner, 1938.

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Research Literature

BW I: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 1. Bern, Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1975.
LB: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Leech Book." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 2. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Longman [et. al.], 1961. 1-360.
LB: Leonhardi, Günther. Kleinere angelsächsische Denkmäler I. Bibliothek der ags. Prosa VI. Hamburg: Grand, 1905.
Deegan, Marilyn. A Critical Edition of MS. B.L. Royal 12.D.XVII: Bald's 'Leechbook'. Diss. Univ. of Manchester. 1988.
Hankins, Freda Richards. Bald's 'Leechbook' Reconsidered. Diss. Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1993.
Marzell, Heinrich. Wörterbuch der deutschen Pflanzennamen. Mit Unterstützung der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Bearb. von Heinrich Marzell. Unter Mitw. von Wilhelm Wissmann. Köln: Parkland, 2000.
MS London, British Library, Royal 12 D.xvii.
Storms, Godfrid (ed.). Anglo-Saxon Magic. Reprint of the 1948 ed. published by M. Nijhoff, The Hague. Norwood, Pa: Norwood Editions, 1975.
Wright, Cyril E. (ed.). Bald's Leechbook. Early English manuscripts in facsimile. 5. Kopenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1955.