Sambucus_ebulus

ellen-wyrt

noun, f., i-decl., 13 occ.

Type: plant

Last Update: 09.05.2011 10:13

Old-English: eallanwyrt, ellanwyrt, ellenvyrt, ellenwurt, ellenwvrt, ellenwyrte,

Latin (Machine generated): ALLEUUS, CAMESETE, EBOLUM, EBULE UEL EOBULUM, EBULI, EBULUM, EBULUS, SAMSUCON,

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References Last Update: 29.11.2019 11:03

Meaning Last Update: 07.09.2009 07:18

  • A: plant: native Both Clapham (1962,787) and Stace (1997,651) lable the plant "doubtfully native".
    Sambucus ebulus L., dwarf-elder, Attich
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Comment Last Update: 09.05.2011 10:09

  • Comment on (A): Sambucus ebulus L., dwarf-elder, Attich

    Lit. 'elder wort; Holunderkraut'; in contrast to Sambucus nigra S. ebulus is a herb and not a bush/tree. Cf. Hunger (1935,168): Ch. XCIV: EBULUM = S. Ebulus L.; CAMEACTE = Gk χαμαιάκτη ', low elder, niedriger Holunder' (cf. Dioskorides IV,175). ALLEUUS (or ALLENUS) is not clear; probably it is an error for ALLENUS 'elboe, Ellenbogen'[1]. Due to an earlier confusion CAMESETE (= CHAMAESYCE, Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small, spotted spurge, Gefleckte Wolfsmilch) is synonymous with CAMEACTE (S. ebulus) in HA (HS 92,22): A GRAECIS DICITUR CAMAESICE, [...] ALII CAMEACTS [...] ITALI EBULUM. For SAMSUCON cf. →cyninges-wyrt.

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Occurrences Last Update: 27.10.2010 09:34

  • Br,WW, 296,13 CAMESETE ellenwyrt
  • Br,WW, 298,4 EBOLUM ellenwyrt
  • Br,WW, 301,29 EBULI ellenwyrt
  • D 11, f.5v, Rosier[2] EBULUM .ll.
  • Dur, 146 EBULE UEL EOBULUM vealvyrt UEL ellenvyrt
  • Dur, 23[3] ALLEUUS vealvyrt UEL ellenvyrt
  • Dur, 82 CAMESETE ellenvyrt
  • HA, XCIII, 202/3[4] nsg Wælwyrt vel ellenwyrt
  • HA, XCIII, 202/5 asg þe man EBULUM 7 oþrum naman ellenwyrte[5] nemneþ 7 eac sume men wealwyrt hataþ
  • Laud, 1302 SAMSUCON ellenwurt
  • Laud, 522 EBULUS welwvrt SIUE ellenwvrt
  • PD, 43/15 gsg ellan wyrte
  • PD, 43/9[6] gsg eallan wyrte
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Etymology Last Update: 09.05.2011 10:13

  • Etymology: Etymology-Comment:
  • Word-Formation:
  • Word-Formation-Comment:
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Image Last Update: 09.05.2011 10:13

Sambucus ebulus L., dwarf-elder, Attich

Sambucus_ebulus

Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Fitch, Walter Hood. Illustrations of the British Flora: London: Reeve, 1924.

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Research Literature

Br: Logeman, Henri. "Zu Wright-Wülker I, 204-303." Archiv 85 (1890): 316-318.
BW II: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 2. Bern, Frankfurt am Main, München: Lang, 1976.
BW III: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 3. Frankfurt am Main, Bern, Las Vegas: Lang, 1979.
Dioscurides: Berendes, Julius, ed. Des Pedanios Dioskorides aus Anazarbos Arzneimittellehre in fünf Büchern. Übersetzt und mit Erklärungen versehen. Stuttgart: Enke, 1902.
DOE: Cameron, Angus, Ashley Crandell Amos, Antonette di Paolo Healey, et al. (eds.). Dictionary of Old English (A to G). CD-Rom. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies for the Dictionary of Old English Project, 2008.
Dur: Lindheim, B. von. Das Durhamer Pflanzenglossar. Beiträge zur englischen Philologie. 35. Bochum-Langendreer: Pöppinghaus, 1941.
HA: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Herbarium Apuleii Platonici." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 1. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 1-325.
Hl: Oliphant, Robert Thompson. The Harley Latin-Old English Glossary. Edited from British Museum MS Harley 3376, Janua Linguarum, Series Practica XX. The Hague: Mouton, 1966.
Laud: Stracke, J. Richard (ed.). The Laud Herbal Glossary. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1974.
PD: Löweneck, Max (ed.). Peri Didaxeon. Erlanger Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 12. Erlangen: Junge, 1896.
WW, Prosp, Br: Wright, Thomas. Anglo-Saxon and Old English Vocabularies. 2nd ed. by Richard Paul Wülcker. Reprint of the 1884 ed. published by Trübner, London. Vol. 1: Vocabularies. Vol. 2: Indices. New York: Gordon, 1976.
Berberich, Hugo, ed. Das Herbarium Apuleii nach einer früh-mittelenglischen Fassung. Anglistische Forschungen 5. Nachdruck Amsterdam, 1966. Heidelberg: Winter, 1902.
Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Peri Didaxeon." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 3. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 82-143.
D'Aronco, Maria Amalia and M. L. Cameron, eds.. The Old English Illustrated Pharmacopoeia: British Library Cotton Vitellius C.III. Early English Manuscripts in Faksimile 27. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1998.
DeVriend, Hubert Jan (ed.). The 'Old English Herbarium' and 'Medicina de Quadrupedibus'. Early English Text Society. Original series 286. London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Diefenbach, Lorenz. Glossarium Latino-Germanicum Mediae et Infimae Aetatis. Frankfurt am Main: Bär, 1857.
Hilbelink, A.J.G. (ed.). Cotton MS Vitellius C III of the Herbarium Apuleii. Diss. Amsterdam: 1930.
Howald, Ernestus und Henricus Sigerist (eds.). Corpus Medicorum Latinorum. Bd.4. Antonii Musae de Herba Vettonica Liber. Pseudoapulei Herbarius. Anonymi de Taxone Liber. Sexti Placiti Liber Medicinae ex Animalibus etc. Leipzig: Teubner, 1927.
Hunger, Friedrich Wilhelm Tobias (ed.). The Herbal of Pseudo-Apuleius. From the ninth-century manuscript in the abbey of Monte Cassino [Codex Casinen-sis 97] together with the first printed edition of Jon. Phil. de Lignamine [Editio princeps Romae 1481] both in facsimile, described and annotated by F.W.T. Hunger. Leyden: Brill, 1935.
Meritt, Herbert Dean. "Old English Glosses, Mostly Dry Point." Journal of English and Germanic Philology 60 (1961): 441-450.
MS London, British Library, Harley 585.
MS London, British Library, Cotton Vitellius C iii.
MS London, British Library, Harley 6258b.
MS Brussels, Bibliotheque Royale, 1828-30.
MS Durham, Cathedral, Hunter 100.
MS London, British Library, Cotton Otho E.i.
MS Oxford, Bodleian, Laud Misc. 567.
Sanborn, Linda (ed.). An Edition of British Library MS. Harley 6258B: Peri Didaxeon. Diss. Ottawa: University of Ottawa, 1983.
Storms, Godfrid (ed.). Anglo-Saxon Magic. Reprint of the 1948 ed. published by M. Nijhoff, The Hague. Norwood, Pa: Norwood Editions, 1975.
Van Arsdall, Anne. Medieval Herbal Remedies. Illustrations by Robby Poore. New York and London: Routledge, 2002.
Voss, Manfred. "Altenglische Glossen aus MS Brit. Library, Cotton Otho E.i." AAA 22:2 (1996): 179-203.
[1]:

Cf. Dief., (1857, s.v.): "ALLENUS [...], ALE-NUS [...]-NOS [...]-NA Ł ALNA (I.ULNA) [...] ellenbogo". Cf. HlOl C 2168 CUBA.I.ULNA. elnboga. UEL hondwyrst.

[2]:

Cf. Junius 77 (1908,212): EBULUM ellenwyrt.

[3]:

N.: "Cock. ALLENUS; schwer zu entscheiden, ob U oder N zu lesen; uel ellenvyrt über der Zeile."

[4]:

In the table of contents for Ch. XCIII (38/8) "HERBA EBULUS ƀ is wealwyrt; in H ellenwyrt.

[5]:

MS H: -wyrt.

[6]:

Cont.: Nim eft eallan wyrte wos swa wearm twegea dæles; L text (Löweneck 1896,42/5.): ITEM IURIS DE CAMEACTE PARTES II.