Quercus_robur_dsc_2245

āc

noun, f., root decl., 16 occ.

Type: plant

Last Update: 22.02.2010 21:09

Old-English: aac, acc, ac, ac-, ache, æc, æ,

Latin (Machine generated): COLOR, QUERCUS, QUERCUS ET QUERNUS UEL ILEX, QUERCUS ł ILEX, ROBOR, ROBOR, ARBOR, ROBUR,

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References Last Update: 04.12.2020 12:36

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Meaning Last Update: 31.07.2009 09:29

  • A: plant: native
    Quercus L., oak, a species of ~, Eiche, eine Art von ~
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Comment Last Update: 21.03.2011 07:28

  • Comment on (A): Quercus L., oak, a species of ~, Eiche, eine Art von ~

    On COLOR cf. Stryker's note: "OE ac 'oak' is a strange gloss for COLOR. Perhaps, as Lindsay suggests [...] COLOR was glossed RUBOR, which was then mistaken for ROBUR and glossed ac." Also cf. Pheifer (1974,n.235) and Wynn (1961,392). Storms (1946, Glossary), and Olds (1985,170) equate āc with Quercus robur L. but we have not enough evidence to be certain which species of oak was really used. Native to Britain are Quercus robur L., pedunculate oak, Stieleiche, and Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl., sessile oak, Traubeneiche (cf. Stace 1997,120f.).

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Occurrences Last Update: 30.03.2009 15:46

  • AntK, 121,5 QUERCUS ET QUERNUS UEL ILEX ac
  • AntK, 121,6 ROBUR iung ac
  • C 28, Na 56, 353 QUERCUS acc
  • ClQu, 36,5 ROBOR ac
  • ClSt, C 129 COLOR ac
  • Cp, 1774 (R 206) ROBOR, ARBOR aac
  • Cp, 549 (C 648) COLOR aac
  • D 25, Bodley 730, f .145r, col. 1/39f ROBOR ac
  • Ep, 235 COLOR aac
  • Ep, 863 ROBOR aac
  • Erf, 235 COLOR aac
  • Erf, 863 ROBOR aac
  • LB, 21/7 nasg ac
  • LB, 27/11 nasg ac
  • LB, 30/30 gsg ace
  • Æ, 312,3 QUERCUS ł ILEX ac
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Etymology Last Update: 22.02.2010 21:09

  • Etymology: Gmc Etymology-Comment:

    < Gmc *aik-; OHG eih(ha), MHG eich(e), G Eiche, ODu eik, ON eik, OS ēk, OFris ēk

  • Word-Formation: simplex
  • Word-Formation-Comment: -
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External Reference Last Update: 16.05.2007 11:45

Images Last Update: 22.02.2010 21:09

Quercus L., oak, a species of ~, Eiche, eine Art von ~

Quercus_petraea_koeh-118

Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Quercus L., oak, a species of ~, Eiche, eine Art von ~

Quercus_robur_dsc_2245

Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Krauss, Johann Carl. Afbeeldingen der artseny-gewassen met dervelver Nederduitsche en Latynsche beschryvingen. 3. deel. Amsterdam: J. C. Sepp en Zoon, 1796.

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Research Literature

AldVNa: Napier, Arthur Sampson. Old English Glosses. Anecdota Oxoniensia, Mediaeval and Modern Series. 11. Reprint of Oxford, Clarendon Press 1900. Hildesheim: Olms, 1969.
AntK: Kindschi, Lowell. The Latin-Old English Glossaries in Planton-Moretus Manuscript 43 and British Museum Manuscript Additional 32,246. Unpubl. diss. Stanford University: 1955.
BTS: Toller, Thomas Northcote. An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. Nachdruck der Ausgabe von: Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1921. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972.
BT: Bosworth, Joseph. An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. Ed. by Thomas Northcote Toller. Reprint 1973. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1882.
BW I: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 1. Bern, Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1975.
BW III: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 3. Frankfurt am Main, Bern, Las Vegas: Lang, 1979.
ClH: Clark Hall, John Richard. A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. 4th ed. MART 14. Cambridge: University Press, 1960.
ClQu: Quinn, John Joseph. The Minor Latin-Old English Glossaries in MS Cotton Cleopatra A III. Diss Stanford U. 1956.
ClSt: Stryker, William Garlington. The Latin-Old English Glossary in MS Cotton Cleopatra A III. Unpubl. diss. Stanford Univ.: 1952.
Cp: Hessels, John Henry. An Eighth-Century Latin Anglo-Saxon Glossary. Cambridge: Univ. Press, 1890.
Cp: Wynn, J. B. An Edition of the Anglo-Saxon Corpus Glosses. Unpubl. Diss. Oxford: 1961.
DOE: Cameron, Angus, Ashley Crandell Amos, Antonette di Paolo Healey, et al. (eds.). Dictionary of Old English (A to G). CD-Rom. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies for the Dictionary of Old English Project, 2008.
Ep, Erf: Pheifer, J.D. (ed.). Old English Glosses in the Epinal-Erfurt Glossary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974.
LB: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Leech Book." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 2. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Longman [et. al.], 1961. 1-360.
LB: Leonhardi, Günther. Kleinere angelsächsische Denkmäler I. Bibliothek der ags. Prosa VI. Hamburg: Grand, 1905.
MED: Kurath, Hans and Sherman M. Kuhn. Middle English Dictionary. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1952.
OED: Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2009. .
WW, Prosp, Br: Wright, Thomas. Anglo-Saxon and Old English Vocabularies. 2nd ed. by Richard Paul Wülcker. Reprint of the 1884 ed. published by Trübner, London. Vol. 1: Vocabularies. Vol. 2: Indices. New York: Gordon, 1976.
Banham, Debby. The Knowledge and Uses of Food Plants in Anglo-Saxon England. Diss. Cambridge University. Index to Theses. 40. Cambridge: 1990.
Biggam, Carole P. (ed.). From Earth to Art. The Many Aspects of the Plant-World in Anglo-Saxon England. Costerus New Series 148. Amsterdam - New York: Rodopi, 2003.
Bischoff, Bernard, et al. (eds.).. The Épinal, Erfurt, Werden and Corpus Glossaries. Early English manuscripts in facsimile 22. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1988.
Deegan, Marilyn. A Critical Edition of MS. B.L. Royal 12.D.XVII: Bald's 'Leechbook'. Diss. Univ. of Manchester. 1988.
Hankins, Freda Richards. Bald's 'Leechbook' Reconsidered. Diss. Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1993.
Lendinara, Patrizia. "The Glossaries in London, BL, Cotton Cleopatra A. iii." In: _Mittelalterliche volkssprachige Glossen: Internationale Fachkonferenz des Zentrums für Mittelalterstudien der Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg 2. bis 4. August 1999._ Ed. Rolf Bergmann, Elvira Glaser, and Claudine Moulin-Fankhänel. Heidelberg: Winter, 2001. 189-215.
Lindsay, Wallace Martin and Henry John Thomson. Ancient Lore in Medieval Latin Glossaries. St. Andrews University Publications 13. London: Oxford University Press, 1921.
Lindsay, Wallace Martin. Corpus, Épinal, Erfurt and Leyden Glossaries. Publications of the Philological Society VIII. London: Oxford University Press, 1921.
MS London, British Library, Royal 12 D.xvii.
MS Oxford, St John's College, 154.
MS Antwerp, Plantin-Moretus Museum, 47.
MS London, British Library, Add. 32246.
MS Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 144.
MS Epinal, Bibliotheque Municipale, 72.
MS London, British Library, Cotton Cleopatra A.iii.
MS Oxford, Bodleian, Bodley 730.
MS Erfurt, Wissenschaftliche Allgemeinbibliothek, Amplonianus F.42.
Olds, Barbara M.. The Anglo-Saxon Leechbook III: A Critical Edition and Translation. Diss. Univ. of Denver. 1985.
Rusche, Philip Guthrie. The Cleopatra Glossaries. Diss. Yale Univ. Yale University, 1996.
Sauer, Hans. "Old English Plant-Names in the Epinal-Erfurt Glossary: Etymology, Word-Formation and Semantics." In: _Words, Lexemes, Concepts - approaches to the lexicon. Studies in honour of Leonhard Lipka._ Ed. Wolfgang Falkner and Hans-Jörg Schmidt. Tübingen: Narr, 1999. 23-38.
Stace, Clive. New Flora of the British Isles. 2nd ed. with ill. by Hilli Thompson. Cambridge: University Press, 1997.
Stannard, Jerry. _Herbs and Herbalism in the Middle Ages and Renaissance_. Edited by Katherine E. Stannard and Richard Kay. Variorum Collected Studies Series 650. Aldershot: Ashgate, 1999.
Storms, Godfrid (ed.). Anglo-Saxon Magic. Reprint of the 1948 ed. published by M. Nijhoff, The Hague. Norwood, Pa: Norwood Editions, 1975.
Voss, Manfred. "Strykers Edition des alphabetischen Cleopatraglossars: Corrigenda und Addenda." AAA 13:2 (1988): 123-138.
Voss, Manfred. "Quinns Edition der kleineren Cleopatraglossare: Corrigenda und Addenda." AAA 14:2 (1989): 127-139.
Wright, Cyril E. (ed.). Bald's Leechbook. Early English manuscripts in facsimile. 5. Kopenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1955.