popig, hwīt

noun, m.?, , 4 occ.

Type: plant

Last Update: 29.07.2011 18:11

Reference Last Update: 16.06.2022 04:48

Meaning Last Update: 13.07.2010 08:35

  • A: plant: introduced
    Papaver somniferum L., opium poppy, Schlafmohn
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Comment Last Update: 29.07.2011 17:52

  • Comment on (A): Papaver somniferum L., opium poppy, Schlafmohn

    Cf. Hunger (1935,167): LV: PAPAUER = P. somniferum, Laud 979 (ME­TORIA. I. popig), DP 238 (METORIA hvit popig) and n. 238: "Das Lemma METORIA ist wohl aus gr. μήκων 'Mohn' entstellt." Hwīt popig probably is a translation of L PAPAUER ALBUM, an old name of P. somniferum: cf. L HA (Howald / Sigersit 1927,53,11f): "A GRAECIS DICITUR MECON ROEAS, [...] ITALI PAPAUER ALBUM."

    The name may refer to a subspecies, (P. somniferum subsp. officinale, white poppy seed, Weißmohn), which has white seeds. This variety was frequently and is still used as a nut-substitute in cooking.

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Occurrences Last Update: 10.09.2010 06:38

  • Dur, 238 METORIA hwit popig
  • HA, LIV, 156/17[1] nsg Popig
  • HA, LIV, 156/20 asg þe grecas moecorias[2] 7 romane papauer album nemnaþ 7 engle hwit popig hataþ
  • HA, LIV, 26/4 nsg metoria ƀ is hwit popig
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Image Last Update: 29.07.2011 18:11

Papaver somniferum L., opium poppy, Schlafmohn


Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Thomé, Otto Wilhelm. Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. In 4 Mappen ; 531 Tafeln in naturgetreuen Farben mit 668 Pflanzenarten. Leipzip: Teubner, 1938.

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Research Literature

BW II: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 2. Bern, Frankfurt am Main, München: Lang, 1976.
BW III: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 3. Frankfurt am Main, Bern, Las Vegas: Lang, 1979.
Dur: Lindheim, B. von. Das Durhamer Pflanzenglossar. Beiträge zur englischen Philologie. 35. Bochum-Langendreer: Pöppinghaus, 1941.
HA: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Herbarium Apuleii Platonici." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 1. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 1-325.
Berberich, Hugo, ed. Das Herbarium Apuleii nach einer früh-mittelenglischen Fassung. Anglistische Forschungen 5. Nachdruck Amsterdam, 1966. Heidelberg: Winter, 1902.
D'Aronco, Maria Amalia and M. L. Cameron, eds.. The Old English Illustrated Pharmacopoeia: British Library Cotton Vitellius C.III. Early English Manuscripts in Faksimile 27. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1998.
DeVriend, Hubert Jan (ed.). The 'Old English Herbarium' and 'Medicina de Quadrupedibus'. Early English Text Society. Original series 286. London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Hilbelink, A.J.G. (ed.). Cotton MS Vitellius C III of the Herbarium Apuleii. Diss. Amsterdam: 1930.
Howald, Ernestus und Henricus Sigerist (eds.). Corpus Medicorum Latinorum. Bd.4. Antonii Musae de Herba Vettonica Liber. Pseudoapulei Herbarius. Anonymi de Taxone Liber. Sexti Placiti Liber Medicinae ex Animalibus etc. Leipzig: Teubner, 1927.
Hunger, Friedrich Wilhelm Tobias (ed.). The Herbal of Pseudo-Apuleius. From the ninth-century manuscript in the abbey of Monte Cassino [Codex Casinen-sis 97] together with the first printed edition of Jon. Phil. de Lignamine [Editio princeps Romae 1481] both in facsimile, described and annotated by F.W.T. Hunger. Leyden: Brill, 1935.
MS London, British Library, Harley 585.
MS London, British Library, Cotton Vitellius C iii.
MS London, British Library, Harley 6258b.
MS Durham, Cathedral, Hunter 100.
Van Arsdall, Anne. Medieval Herbal Remedies. Illustrations by Robby Poore. New York and London: Routledge, 2002.

MS B: hwit popi.


Hilbelink: moetorias.