noun, f., i-decl., 7 occ.

Type: plant

Last Update: 26.05.2011 07:45

Old-English: gescadvyrt, gescadwyrt, gescaldwyrt, gescanuuyrt, giscaduuyrt,

Latin (Machine generated): BERBESCUM, HERBESCUM, TALLUMBUS,

↑ top

Reference Last Update: 16.06.2022 06:58

Meaning Last Update: 19.10.2009 09:27

  • A: plant: native
    Verbascum thapsus L., great mullein, Kleinblütige Königskerze
↑ top

Comment Last Update: 26.05.2011 07:41

  • Comment on (A): Verbascum thapsus L., great mullein, Kleinblütige Königskerze

    Cf. Lindheim's notes on the entries in Dur. TALUMBUS is not clear. Of all explanations available,[1] in my opinion, Brown's attempt (1969,832) is the most convincing: "BERBESCUM. HERBESCUM […] probably VERBASCUM, very likely confused with VERBENACA, VERBENA, the last of which is very often glossed COLUMBARIA". Rusche (1996, 687) supports this theory. VERBENACA, etc. = Verbena officinalis L.[2]

↑ top

Occurrences Last Update: 03.08.2009 09:57

  • ClQu, 58,13 TALLUMBUS gescaldyyrt[3]
  • Cp, 2005(T 24) TALLUMBUS gescadwyrt
  • Dur, 195 HERBESCUM gescadvyrt
  • Dur, 61 BERBESCUM gescadvyrt
  • Ep, 1032 TALLUMBUS giscaduuyrt
  • Erf, 1032 TALLUMBUS gescanuuyrt
  • LB, 82/35 nasg gescadwyrt
↑ top

Image Last Update: 26.05.2011 07:45

Verbascum thapsus L., great mullein, Kleinblütige Königskerze


Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Fitch, Walter Hood. Illustrations of the British Flora: London: Reeve, 1924.

↑ top

Research Literature

BW I: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 1. Bern, Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1975.
BW III: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 3. Frankfurt am Main, Bern, Las Vegas: Lang, 1979.
ClQu: Quinn, John Joseph. The Minor Latin-Old English Glossaries in MS Cotton Cleopatra A III. Diss Stanford U. 1956.
Cp: Hessels, John Henry. An Eighth-Century Latin Anglo-Saxon Glossary. Cambridge: Univ. Press, 1890.
Cp: Lindsay, Wallace Martin. The Corpus Glossary. Cambridge: Univ. Press, 1921.
Cp: Wynn, J. B. An Edition of the Anglo-Saxon Corpus Glosses. Unpubl. Diss. Oxford: 1961.
Dur: Lindheim, B. von. Das Durhamer Pflanzenglossar. Beiträge zur englischen Philologie. 35. Bochum-Langendreer: Pöppinghaus, 1941.
Ep, Erf: Pheifer, J.D. (ed.). Old English Glosses in the Epinal-Erfurt Glossary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974.
Ep: Brown, Alan Kelsey. The Epinal Glossary edited with Critical Commentary of the Vocabulary. Vol. I: Edition. Vol. II: Commentary. Diss., Stanford University. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1969.
LB: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Leech Book." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 2. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Longman [et. al.], 1961. 1-360.
LB: Leonhardi, Günther. Kleinere angelsächsische Denkmäler I. Bibliothek der ags. Prosa VI. Hamburg: Grand, 1905.
WW, Prosp, Br: Wright, Thomas. Anglo-Saxon and Old English Vocabularies. 2nd ed. by Richard Paul Wülcker. Reprint of the 1884 ed. published by Trübner, London. Vol. 1: Vocabularies. Vol. 2: Indices. New York: Gordon, 1976.
Bischoff, Bernard, et al. (eds.).. The Épinal, Erfurt, Werden and Corpus Glossaries. Early English manuscripts in facsimile 22. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1988.
Deegan, Marilyn. A Critical Edition of MS. B.L. Royal 12.D.XVII: Bald's 'Leechbook'. Diss. Univ. of Manchester. 1988.
Lendinara, Patrizia. "The Glossaries in London, BL, Cotton Cleopatra A. iii." In: _Mittelalterliche volkssprachige Glossen: Internationale Fachkonferenz des Zentrums für Mittelalterstudien der Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg 2. bis 4. August 1999._ Ed. Rolf Bergmann, Elvira Glaser, and Claudine Moulin-Fankhänel. Heidelberg: Winter, 2001. 189-215.
Lindsay, Wallace Martin. Corpus, Épinal, Erfurt and Leyden Glossaries. Publications of the Philological Society VIII. London: Oxford University Press, 1921.
MS London, British Library, Royal 12 D.xvii.
MS Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 144.
MS Durham, Cathedral, Hunter 100.
MS Epinal, Bibliotheque Municipale, 72.
MS London, British Library, Cotton Cleopatra A.iii.
MS Erfurt, Wissenschaftliche Allgemeinbibliothek, Amplonianus F.42.
Rusche, Philip Guthrie. The Cleopatra Glossaries. Diss. Yale Univ. Yale University, 1996.
Sauer, Hans. "Old English Plant-Names in the Epinal-Erfurt Glossary: Etymology, Word-Formation and Semantics." In: _Words, Lexemes, Concepts - approaches to the lexicon. Studies in honour of Leonhard Lipka._ Ed. Wolfgang Falkner and Hans-Jörg Schmidt. Tübingen: Narr, 1999. 23-38.
Voss, Manfred. "Quinns Edition der kleineren Cleopatraglossare: Corrigenda und Addenda." AAA 14:2 (1989): 127-139.
Wright, Cyril E. (ed.). Bald's Leechbook. Early English manuscripts in facsimile. 5. Kopenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1955.

E.g. Pheifer, n.1032: "? for Gr. βούφθαλμον "oxeye"" (following Cockayne 1961,II,387). I do not understand Pheifer"s note "giscaduuyrt "dividing-plant" (here only) [?] would fit a species of clover".


Also cf. Quinn, note on 58, 13: "Lindsay, Corpus Glossary T 24, queries if this lemma be for PALUMBUS or COLUMBUS." The Gk name of V. officinalis is PERISTEREON "Tauben­kraut".


Rusche (1996, 687): "Read gescadwyrt."