Carum_carvi_bd3_tafel_054

cymen (1)

noun, nm., a-decl., 35 occ.

Type: plant

Last Update: 11.08.2011 11:57

Old-English: cimen, cumin, cumin, cvmin, cymen, cymin, kymen, cumyn, cymenes, cimenes, cymene,

Latin (Machine generated): CIMINUM, CIMMINUM, CYMINUM, QUIMINON,

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References Last Update: 25.09.2020 14:27

Meanings Last Update: 21.08.2009 10:26

  • A: plant: introduced Clapham (1962,517): "Perhaps native in some south-eastern counties and naturalized in waste places." Stace (1997,513): introduced.
    Carum carvi L., caraway, Wiesenkümmel
  • B: plant: introduced By Romans?
    Cuminum cyminum L., cumin, Kreuzkümmel
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Comments Last Update: 27.04.2011 12:58

  • Comment on (A): Carum carvi L., caraway, Wiesenkümmel

    According to Hoops (1905,602f.) CYMEN was first used to denote C. cyminum, later C. carvi. In the LB it denotes the latter as →cymen, sūþerne is used to refer to C. cyminum. Deegan (1988,231) doubts this identification but gives no further explanation. Banham (1990,246) rejects that caraway and cumin share one name in OE, but does not provide any evidence to back up her argument.

  • Comment on (B): Cuminum cyminum L., cumin, Kreuzkümmel

    Mainly in HA, PD; cf. →cymen, sūþerne.

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Occurrences Last Update: 29.05.2009 06:11

  • AntK, 118,10 CIMINUM cymen
  • C 28, Na 56, 410 CYMINUM cymen
  • Dur, 114 CIMINUM cymen
  • HA, CLV, 276/22[1] gsg cymenes
  • HA, CLV, 280/21 nsg Cymen
  • HA, CLV, 280/23 asg þe man quimminon 7 oþrum naman cymen nem-neþ
  • HA, CLV, 58/16 nsg quiminon ƀ is cymen
  • LA, 102/5 nsg cymen
  • LA, 122/23 nsg cymen
  • LA, 148/2 nsg cymen
  • LA, 194/18 nsg cymen
  • Laud, 1242 QUIMINON cumin
  • Laud, 373 CIMINUM cvmin
  • LB, 12/14 nasg cymen
  • LB, 19/17 nasg cymen
  • LB, 19/34 gsg cymenes
  • LB, 28/8 gsg cymenes
  • LB, 37/23 nasg cymen
  • LB, 54/33 gsg cymenes
  • LB, 57/19 gsg cymenes
  • LB, 62/16 dsg cymene
  • LB, 64/29 nasg cymen
  • LB, 67/40 nasg cymen
  • LB, 69/7 gsg cymenes
  • LB, 74/23 nasg cymen
  • LB, 77/6 gsg cymenes
  • LB, 77/7 nasg cymen
  • LB, 96/35 gsg cymenes
  • LB, 98/21 gsg cymenes
  • Mt(Ru), 23,23[2] CIMMINUM cymen
  • PD, 21/27[3] asg cumyn
  • PD, 45/18 asg cumin
  • PD, 47/15[4] asg cymen
  • PD, 47/4[5] gsg cimenes
  • Æ, 311,6f CIMINUM cymen
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Etymology Last Update: 11.08.2011 11:57

  • Etymology: Etymology-Comment:
  • Word-Formation:
  • Word-Formation-Comment:
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Images Last Update: 11.08.2011 11:57

Carum carvi L., caraway, Wiesenkümmel

Carum_carvi_bd3_tafel_054

Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Thomé, Otto Wilhelm. Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. In 4 Mappen ; 531 Tafeln in naturgetreuen Farben mit 668 Pflanzenarten. Leipzip: Teubner, 1938.

Cuminum cyminum L., cumin, Kreuzkümmel

Cuminum_cyminum_1813

Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Ypey, Adolphus . Vervolg op de Afbeeldingen der artseny-gewassen met derzelver Nederduitsche en Latynsche beschryvingen. Eerte deel (deel 7). Amsterdam: J. C. Sepp en Zoon, 1813.

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Research Literature

AldVNa: Napier, Arthur Sampson. Old English Glosses. Anecdota Oxoniensia, Mediaeval and Modern Series. 11. Reprint of Oxford, Clarendon Press 1900. Hildesheim: Olms, 1969.
AntK: Kindschi, Lowell. The Latin-Old English Glossaries in Planton-Moretus Manuscript 43 and British Museum Manuscript Additional 32,246. Unpubl. diss. Stanford University: 1955.
BW I: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 1. Bern, Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1975.
BW II: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 2. Bern, Frankfurt am Main, München: Lang, 1976.
BW III: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 3. Frankfurt am Main, Bern, Las Vegas: Lang, 1979.
DOE: Cameron, Angus, Ashley Crandell Amos, Antonette di Paolo Healey, et al. (eds.). Dictionary of Old English (A to G). CD-Rom. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies for the Dictionary of Old English Project, 2008.
Dur: Lindheim, B. von. Das Durhamer Pflanzenglossar. Beiträge zur englischen Philologie. 35. Bochum-Langendreer: Pöppinghaus, 1941.
HA: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Herbarium Apuleii Platonici." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 1. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 1-325.
LA, Lor: Grattan, John Henry Grafton, and Charles Singer. Anglo-Saxon Magic and Medicine. London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1952.
Laud: Stracke, J. Richard (ed.). The Laud Herbal Glossary. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1974.
LA: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "[Lacnunga] Recipies." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 3. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 2-81.
LB: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Leech Book." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 2. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Longman [et. al.], 1961. 1-360.
LB: Leonhardi, Günther. Kleinere angelsächsische Denkmäler I. Bibliothek der ags. Prosa VI. Hamburg: Grand, 1905.
Li, Ru (= Mt, Mk, Lk, Jn): Skeat, Walter William. The Four Gospels in Anglo-Saxon, Northumbrian, and Old Mercian Versions. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1871.
PD: Löweneck, Max (ed.). Peri Didaxeon. Erlanger Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 12. Erlangen: Junge, 1896.
Banham, Debby. The Knowledge and Uses of Food Plants in Anglo-Saxon England. Diss. Cambridge University. Index to Theses. 40. Cambridge: 1990.
Berberich, Hugo, ed. Das Herbarium Apuleii nach einer früh-mittelenglischen Fassung. Anglistische Forschungen 5. Nachdruck Amsterdam, 1966. Heidelberg: Winter, 1902.
Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Peri Didaxeon." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 3. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 82-143.
D'Aronco, Maria Amalia and M. L. Cameron, eds.. The Old English Illustrated Pharmacopoeia: British Library Cotton Vitellius C.III. Early English Manuscripts in Faksimile 27. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1998.
Deegan, Marilyn. A Critical Edition of MS. B.L. Royal 12.D.XVII: Bald's 'Leechbook'. Diss. Univ. of Manchester. 1988.
DeVriend, Hubert Jan (ed.). The 'Old English Herbarium' and 'Medicina de Quadrupedibus'. Early English Text Society. Original series 286. London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Grein, Christian-Wilhelm-Michael (ed.). Bibliothek der angelsächsischen Poesie. Göttingen: Wigand, 1864.
Hankins, Freda Richards. Bald's 'Leechbook' Reconsidered. Diss. Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1993.
Hilbelink, A.J.G. (ed.). Cotton MS Vitellius C III of the Herbarium Apuleii. Diss. Amsterdam: 1930.
Hoops, Johannes. Waldbäume und Kulturpflanzen im germanischen Altertum. Straßburg: Trübner, 1905.
Howald, Ernestus und Henricus Sigerist (eds.). Corpus Medicorum Latinorum. Bd.4. Antonii Musae de Herba Vettonica Liber. Pseudoapulei Herbarius. Anonymi de Taxone Liber. Sexti Placiti Liber Medicinae ex Animalibus etc. Leipzig: Teubner, 1927.
Hunger, Friedrich Wilhelm Tobias (ed.). The Herbal of Pseudo-Apuleius. From the ninth-century manuscript in the abbey of Monte Cassino [Codex Casinen-sis 97] together with the first printed edition of Jon. Phil. de Lignamine [Editio princeps Romae 1481] both in facsimile, described and annotated by F.W.T. Hunger. Leyden: Brill, 1935.
MS London, British Library, Royal 12 D.xvii.
MS London, British Library, Harley 585.
MS London, British Library, Cotton Vitellius C iii.
MS London, British Library, Harley 6258b.
MS Oxford, St John's College, 154.
MS Oxford, Bodleian, Auct. D.2.19.
MS Antwerp, Plantin-Moretus Museum, 47.
MS London, British Library, Add. 32246.
MS Durham, Cathedral, Hunter 100.
MS Oxford, Bodleian, Laud Misc. 567.
Olds, Barbara M.. The Anglo-Saxon Leechbook III: A Critical Edition and Translation. Diss. Univ. of Denver. 1985.
Pettit, Edward, (ed. and trans.). Anglo-Saxon Remedies, Charms and Prayers from British Library MS Harley 585: the 'Lacnunga'. Vol. I: Introduction, Text, Translation, and Appendices. Vol. II: Commentary and Bibliography. Mellen Critical Editions and Translations. 6A and 6B. Lewiston, Queenston and Lampeter: Mellen, 2001.
Sanborn, Linda (ed.). An Edition of British Library MS. Harley 6258B: Peri Didaxeon. Diss. Ottawa: University of Ottawa, 1983.
Sauer, Hans. Patterns of loan-influence on the Medieval English plant names, with special reference to the influence of Greek. In: Foreign Influences on Medieval English, Eds. Jacek Fisiak, and Magdalana Bator. Studies in English medieval language and literature. 28. Frankfurt/Main: Lang, 2011. 55-76.
Storms, Godfrid (ed.). Anglo-Saxon Magic. Reprint of the 1948 ed. published by M. Nijhoff, The Hague. Norwood, Pa: Norwood Editions, 1975.
Van Arsdall, Anne. Medieval Herbal Remedies. Illustrations by Robby Poore. New York and London: Routledge, 2002.
Wright, Cyril E. (ed.). Bald's Leechbook. Early English manuscripts in facsimile. 5. Kopenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1955.
[1]:

Ch. CLII; Cont.: Đeos wyrt þe man hypericon 7 oþrum naman corion nemneþ for gelicnysse cymenes.

[2]:

Li without gloss.

[3]:

L text (Löweneck 1896,20/11): CIMINI.

[4]:

MS: Before cymen an underlined cimj.

[5]:

L text (Löweneck 1986,46/2): CIMINI.