noun, m., a-decl., 22 occ.

Type: plant

Last Update: 06.10.2011 10:01

Old-English: wulfes camb, wulfes comb, uulfescamb, vuluescomb, wuluescamb, wuluescramb,


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Reference Last Update: 25.09.2020 13:17

Meaning Last Update: 04.03.2011 07:31

  • A: plant: native
    Dipsacus fullonum L., fuller's teasel, Wilde Karde
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Comment Last Update: 06.10.2011 09:56

  • Comment on (A): Dipsacus fullonum L., fuller's teasel, Wilde Karde

    Cf. Förster (1917,136); cf. Hunger (1935,167): XXVI: CAMELA = D. fullonum. HA 25 records the names DIPSACA, ONOCARDION and LABRUM VENERIS which all denote D. fullonum and which all are synonyms of CAMELLEA (cf. André 1956, s.v.); according to André CAMELLA was coined from CHAMELAEA (Gk χαμελαία), which normally denotes Daphne species and which became a name for thistle species because of a confusion with CHAMAELEON (Gk χαμαιλέων).

    Etymology: lit. 'wolf's comb, Wolfskamm'; Förster (1917,136) compares the plant name to OE →wulfes-tǣsel (= D. fullonum), which is related to OHG zeisala, a plant name that mainly denotes fuller's teasle (cf. Björkman 1902,231), which was used to losen up wool or finish wollen fabric (= OHG zeisan). The relation to wolf Marzell (cf. 2000,II,147) describes rather poetically, and notes that the 'crooked hooks of the wild plant comb the running wolf'. But rather it is a loan translation of L PECTEN LUPI: cf. Dur 270: PENTILUPI vulues comb. Lindheim's note: "Das Lemma muß wohl in PECTEN LUPI geändert warden." Also cf. FR peigne de loup.

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Occurrences Last Update: 04.02.2009 12:49

  • AntFö, 136,217 CAMELEON .G. wulfes camb
  • Br,WW, 296,10 CAMELLEA wulfes camb
  • ClSt, C 7 CAMELLEA wulfes camb
  • Cp, 366(C 27) CAMELLEA wulfes camb
  • D 11, Junius 77, S209 CAMELEA wulfes camb
  • Dur, 270 PENTILUPI[1] vuluescomb
  • Dur, 80 CAMELEON UEL CAMEDRIS[2] vuluescomb
  • Ep, 183 CAMELLEA uulfescamb
  • Erf, 183 CAMELLEA uulfescamb
  • HA, XXVI, 122/12 nsg Wulfes camb
  • HA, XXVI, 122/14 asg be man chameæleæ 7 oþrum naman wulfes camb nemneþ
  • HA, XXVI, 16/9 nsg chameæleæ ƀ is wulfes camb
  • HA, XXVI, 278/15[3] nsg wulfes camb
  • LA, 100/8 nasg wulfes camb
  • LA, 178/10 nasg wulfes camb
  • Laud, 279 CAMELLA wuluescamb
  • Laud, 316 CAMELEONTIS wuluescramb
  • Laud, 356 ENOCEPHALON[4] UEL CAMELEON wuluescamb
  • LB, 102/9 asg wulfescamb
  • LB, 103/13 asg wulfes comb
  • LB, 107/31 asg wulfes comb
  • LB, 82/24 asg wulfescamb
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Etymology Last Update: 06.10.2011 10:01

  • Etymology: Etymology-Comment:
  • Word-Formation:
  • Word-Formation-Comment:
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Image Last Update: 06.10.2011 10:01

Dipsacus fullonum L., fuller's teasel, Wilde Karde


Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Thomé, Otto Wilhelm. Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. In 4 Mappen ; 531 Tafeln in naturgetreuen Farben mit 668 Pflanzenarten. Leipzip: Teubner, 1938.

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Research Literature

AntFö: Förster, Max. "Die altenglische Glossenhandschrift Plantinus 32 (Antwerpen) und Additional 32246 (London)." Anglia 41 (1917): 94-161.
Br: Logeman, Henri. "Zu Wright-Wülker I, 204-303." Archiv 85 (1890): 316-318.
BW I: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 1. Bern, Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1975.
BW II: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 2. Bern, Frankfurt am Main, München: Lang, 1976.
BW III: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 3. Frankfurt am Main, Bern, Las Vegas: Lang, 1979.
ClSt: Stryker, William Garlington. The Latin-Old English Glossary in MS Cotton Cleopatra A III. Unpubl. diss. Stanford Univ.: 1952.
Cp: Hessels, John Henry. An Eighth-Century Latin Anglo-Saxon Glossary. Cambridge: Univ. Press, 1890.
Cp: Lindsay, Wallace Martin. The Corpus Glossary. Cambridge: Univ. Press, 1921.
Cp: Wynn, J. B. An Edition of the Anglo-Saxon Corpus Glosses. Unpubl. Diss. Oxford: 1961.
Dur: Lindheim, B. von. Das Durhamer Pflanzenglossar. Beiträge zur englischen Philologie. 35. Bochum-Langendreer: Pöppinghaus, 1941.
Ep, Erf: Pheifer, J.D. (ed.). Old English Glosses in the Epinal-Erfurt Glossary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974.
Ep: Brown, Alan Kelsey. The Epinal Glossary edited with Critical Commentary of the Vocabulary. Vol. I: Edition. Vol. II: Commentary. Diss., Stanford University. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1969.
HA: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Herbarium Apuleii Platonici." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 1. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 1-325.
LA, Lor: Grattan, John Henry Grafton, and Charles Singer. Anglo-Saxon Magic and Medicine. London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1952.
Laud: Stracke, J. Richard (ed.). The Laud Herbal Glossary. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1974.
LA: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "[Lacnunga] Recipies." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 3. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 2-81.
LB: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Leech Book." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 2. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Longman [et. al.], 1961. 1-360.
LB: Leonhardi, Günther. Kleinere angelsächsische Denkmäler I. Bibliothek der ags. Prosa VI. Hamburg: Grand, 1905.
WW, Prosp, Br: Wright, Thomas. Anglo-Saxon and Old English Vocabularies. 2nd ed. by Richard Paul Wülcker. Reprint of the 1884 ed. published by Trübner, London. Vol. 1: Vocabularies. Vol. 2: Indices. New York: Gordon, 1976.
André, Jacques. Les noms de plantes dans la Rome antique. Paris: Société d'édition 'les belles lettres', 1985.
Berberich, Hugo, ed. Das Herbarium Apuleii nach einer früh-mittelenglischen Fassung. Anglistische Forschungen 5. Nachdruck Amsterdam, 1966. Heidelberg: Winter, 1902.
Bischoff, Bernard, et al. (eds.).. The Épinal, Erfurt, Werden and Corpus Glossaries. Early English manuscripts in facsimile 22. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1988.
D'Aronco, Maria Amalia and M. L. Cameron, eds.. The Old English Illustrated Pharmacopoeia: British Library Cotton Vitellius C.III. Early English Manuscripts in Faksimile 27. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1998.
Deegan, Marilyn. A Critical Edition of MS. B.L. Royal 12.D.XVII: Bald's 'Leechbook'. Diss. Univ. of Manchester. 1988.
DeVriend, Hubert Jan (ed.). The 'Old English Herbarium' and 'Medicina de Quadrupedibus'. Early English Text Society. Original series 286. London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Grein, Christian-Wilhelm-Michael (ed.). Bibliothek der angelsächsischen Poesie. Göttingen: Wigand, 1864.
Hilbelink, A.J.G. (ed.). Cotton MS Vitellius C III of the Herbarium Apuleii. Diss. Amsterdam: 1930.
Howald, Ernestus und Henricus Sigerist (eds.). Corpus Medicorum Latinorum. Bd.4. Antonii Musae de Herba Vettonica Liber. Pseudoapulei Herbarius. Anonymi de Taxone Liber. Sexti Placiti Liber Medicinae ex Animalibus etc. Leipzig: Teubner, 1927.
Hunger, Friedrich Wilhelm Tobias (ed.). The Herbal of Pseudo-Apuleius. From the ninth-century manuscript in the abbey of Monte Cassino [Codex Casinen-sis 97] together with the first printed edition of Jon. Phil. de Lignamine [Editio princeps Romae 1481] both in facsimile, described and annotated by F.W.T. Hunger. Leyden: Brill, 1935.
Lendinara, Patrizia. "The Glossaries in London, BL, Cotton Cleopatra A. iii." In: _Mittelalterliche volkssprachige Glossen: Internationale Fachkonferenz des Zentrums für Mittelalterstudien der Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg 2. bis 4. August 1999._ Ed. Rolf Bergmann, Elvira Glaser, and Claudine Moulin-Fankhänel. Heidelberg: Winter, 2001. 189-215.
Lindsay, Wallace Martin. Corpus, Épinal, Erfurt and Leyden Glossaries. Publications of the Philological Society VIII. London: Oxford University Press, 1921.
Meritt, Herbert Dean. "Old English Glosses, Mostly Dry Point." Journal of English and Germanic Philology 60 (1961): 441-450.
MS London, British Library, Royal 12 D.xvii.
MS London, British Library, Harley 585.
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MS London, British Library, Harley 6258b.
MS Antwerp, Plantin-Moretus Museum, 47.
MS London, British Library, Add. 32246.
MS Brussels, Bibliotheque Royale, 1828-30.
MS Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 144.
MS Durham, Cathedral, Hunter 100.
MS Epinal, Bibliotheque Municipale, 72.
MS London, British Library, Cotton Cleopatra A.iii.
MS London, British Library, Cotton Otho E.i.
MS Oxford, Bodleian, Laud Misc. 567.
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Olds, Barbara M.. The Anglo-Saxon Leechbook III: A Critical Edition and Translation. Diss. Univ. of Denver. 1985.
Pettit, Edward, (ed. and trans.). Anglo-Saxon Remedies, Charms and Prayers from British Library MS Harley 585: the 'Lacnunga'. Vol. I: Introduction, Text, Translation, and Appendices. Vol. II: Commentary and Bibliography. Mellen Critical Editions and Translations. 6A and 6B. Lewiston, Queenston and Lampeter: Mellen, 2001.
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Sauer, Hans, and Ulrike Krischke. "The Dictionary of Old English Plant Names (DOEPN), or: The Graz Munich Dictionary Project." In: Old Names – New Growth: Proceedings of the 2nd ASPNS Conference, University of Graz, Austria, 6-10 June 2007, and Related Essays. Eds. Peter Bierbaumer and Helmut W. Klug. Drankfurt/Main: Lang, 2009. 146-180.
Sauer, Hans. "Old English Plant-Names in the Epinal-Erfurt Glossary: Etymology, Word-Formation and Semantics." In: _Words, Lexemes, Concepts - approaches to the lexicon. Studies in honour of Leonhard Lipka._ Ed. Wolfgang Falkner and Hans-Jörg Schmidt. Tübingen: Narr, 1999. 23-38.
Sauer, Hans. "The Morphology of Old English Plant-Names." In: _From Earth to Art. The Many Aspects of the Plant-World in Anglo-Saxon England._ Proceedings of the First ASPNS Symposium, University of Glasgow, 5-7 April 2000. ed. by Carole Biggam. Amsterdam - New York: Rodopi, 2003. 161-179.
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Van Arsdall, Anne. Medieval Herbal Remedies. Illustrations by Robby Poore. New York and London: Routledge, 2002.
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Wright, Cyril E. (ed.). Bald's Leechbook. Early English manuscripts in facsimile. 5. Kopenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1955.

Cf. AhdGl 3,475,13(13.Jh.): LUPOPETTINA MAGNUS CARDUS distil ł ceisala; 3,586,4(14.Jh.): LUPIPECTEN chemphe. LUPIPECTEN is ML. (cf. Marzell 2000,2,147; esp. his notes on etymology.)


Cf. s.v. heorotclǣfre.


Ch. CLIII: heo [=acanta leuce] hafaþ leaf swylce wulfes camb.


Cf. s.v. heortclǣfre.