Verbena_officinalis_bd4_tafel_070

berbēne

noun, f., n-decl., 7 occ.

Type: plant

Last Update: 15.07.2014 12:39

Old-English: berbena, berbeana, berbene, berbine, berbenan,

Latin (Machine generated): PERISTERION, VERUENA,

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Reference Last Update: 25.09.2020 14:56

Meanings Last Update: 15.07.2014 12:39

  • B: plant: native
    Lycopus europaeus L., gipsywort, Wolfstrapp
  • A: plant: native
    Verbena officinalis L., vervain, Echtes Eisenkraut
  • C: plant: native
    ??? Aquilegia vulgaris L., columbine, Akelei
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Comments Last Update: 14.11.2011 09:53

  • Comment on (A): Verbena officinalis L., vervain, Echtes Eisenkraut

    Identification is based on the L plant name PERISTEREON (cf. André 1985, s.v). D'Aronco (1998,53) and Van Arsdall (2000,179) accept this interpretation.

  • Comment on (B): Lycopus europaeus L., gipsywort, Wolfstrapp

    Identification is based on the L plant names COLUMBINA and PERISTEREON (cf. André 1985, s.v.), equally accepted by D'Aronco (1998,53) and Van Arsdall (2000,179).

  • Comment on (C): ??? Aquilegia vulgaris L., columbine, Akelei

    This identification is proposed by de Vriend (1984,303): "The names PERISTERON and COLUMBINA and the explicit reference to pigeons indicate that Aquilegia vulgaris is meant; cf. the OED s.v. columbine sb. 2. Verbana officinalis is described in IV." Pollington (2000,111) follows this identification and provides a more detailed explanation. In the OED there is no explanation as to why berbene should mean A. vulgaris; Pollington deduces the plant name from the yet extinct ModE name 'culverwort'. None of these explanations are convincing.

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Occurrences Last Update: 22.06.2009 13:29

  • Dur, 273 PERISTERION berbeana
  • Dur, 330 VERUENA berbena
  • HA, LXVII, 170/11[1] nsg Berbena
  • HA, LXVII, 170/13 asg þe man peristereon 7 oþrum naman berbenam nemneþ. heo ys culfron swiþe hiwcuþ þanan hy eac sum þeodscipe columbinam hateþ
  • HA, LXVII, 28/19 nsg peristerion[2] ƀ ys berbena
  • LA, 122/17[3] nsg berbene
  • LB, 41/5 nsg? berbine
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Images Last Update: 15.07.2014 12:39

Verbena officinalis L., vervain, Echtes Eisenkraut

Verbena_officinalis_bd4_tafel_070

Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Thomé, Otto Wilhelm. Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. In 4 Mappen ; 531 Tafeln in naturgetreuen Farben mit 668 Pflanzenarten. Leipzip: Teubner, 1938.

Lycopus europaeus L., gipsywort, Wolfstrapp

Lycopus_europaeus_bd4_tafel_053
Thomé, Otto Wilhelm. Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. In 4 Mappen ; 531 Tafeln in naturgetreuen Farben mit 668 Pflanzenarten. Leipzip: Teubner, 1938.

??? Aquilegia vulgaris L., columbine, Akelei

Aquilegia_vulgaris_fitch
Fitch, Walter Hood. Illustrations of the British Flora: London: Reeve, 1924.

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Research Literature

BW I: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 1. Bern, Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1975.
BW II: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 2. Bern, Frankfurt am Main, München: Lang, 1976.
BW III: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 3. Frankfurt am Main, Bern, Las Vegas: Lang, 1979.
DOE: Cameron, Angus, Ashley Crandell Amos, Antonette di Paolo Healey, et al. (eds.). Dictionary of Old English (A to G). CD-Rom. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies for the Dictionary of Old English Project, 2008.
Dur: Lindheim, B. von. Das Durhamer Pflanzenglossar. Beiträge zur englischen Philologie. 35. Bochum-Langendreer: Pöppinghaus, 1941.
HA: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Herbarium Apuleii Platonici." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 1. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 1-325.
LA, Lor: Grattan, John Henry Grafton, and Charles Singer. Anglo-Saxon Magic and Medicine. London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1952.
LA: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "[Lacnunga] Recipies." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 3. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 2-81.
LB: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Leech Book." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 2. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Longman [et. al.], 1961. 1-360.
LB: Leonhardi, Günther. Kleinere angelsächsische Denkmäler I. Bibliothek der ags. Prosa VI. Hamburg: Grand, 1905.
Berberich, Hugo, ed. Das Herbarium Apuleii nach einer früh-mittelenglischen Fassung. Anglistische Forschungen 5. Nachdruck Amsterdam, 1966. Heidelberg: Winter, 1902.
D'Aronco, Maria Amalia and M. L. Cameron, eds.. The Old English Illustrated Pharmacopoeia: British Library Cotton Vitellius C.III. Early English Manuscripts in Faksimile 27. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1998.
Deegan, Marilyn. A Critical Edition of MS. B.L. Royal 12.D.XVII: Bald's 'Leechbook'. Diss. Univ. of Manchester. 1988.
DeVriend, Hubert Jan (ed.). The 'Old English Herbarium' and 'Medicina de Quadrupedibus'. Early English Text Society. Original series 286. London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Grein, Christian-Wilhelm-Michael (ed.). Bibliothek der angelsächsischen Poesie. Göttingen: Wigand, 1864.
Hankins, Freda Richards. Bald's 'Leechbook' Reconsidered. Diss. Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1993.
Hilbelink, A.J.G. (ed.). Cotton MS Vitellius C III of the Herbarium Apuleii. Diss. Amsterdam: 1930.
Howald, Ernestus und Henricus Sigerist (eds.). Corpus Medicorum Latinorum. Bd.4. Antonii Musae de Herba Vettonica Liber. Pseudoapulei Herbarius. Anonymi de Taxone Liber. Sexti Placiti Liber Medicinae ex Animalibus etc. Leipzig: Teubner, 1927.
Hunger, Friedrich Wilhelm Tobias (ed.). The Herbal of Pseudo-Apuleius. From the ninth-century manuscript in the abbey of Monte Cassino [Codex Casinen-sis 97] together with the first printed edition of Jon. Phil. de Lignamine [Editio princeps Romae 1481] both in facsimile, described and annotated by F.W.T. Hunger. Leyden: Brill, 1935.
MS London, British Library, Royal 12 D.xvii.
MS London, British Library, Harley 585.
MS London, British Library, Cotton Vitellius C iii.
MS London, British Library, Harley 6258b.
MS Durham, Cathedral, Hunter 100.
Pettit, Edward, (ed. and trans.). Anglo-Saxon Remedies, Charms and Prayers from British Library MS Harley 585: the 'Lacnunga'. Vol. I: Introduction, Text, Translation, and Appendices. Vol. II: Commentary and Bibliography. Mellen Critical Editions and Translations. 6A and 6B. Lewiston, Queenston and Lampeter: Mellen, 2001.
Pollington, Stephen. Leechcraft: Early English Charms, Plant Lore, and Healing. Hockwold-cum-Wilton: Anglo-Saxon Books, 2000.
Storms, Godfrid (ed.). Anglo-Saxon Magic. Reprint of the 1948 ed. published by M. Nijhoff, The Hague. Norwood, Pa: Norwood Editions, 1975.
Van Arsdall, Anne. Medieval Herbal Remedies. Illustrations by Robby Poore. New York and London: Routledge, 2002.
Wright, Cyril E. (ed.). Bald's Leechbook. Early English manuscripts in facsimile. 5. Kopenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1955.
[1]:

MS H: berbene.

[2]:

Hilbelink: PERISTEREON.

[3]:

Not recorded in BT(SC).