Clinopodium_vulgare

eorþ-mistel

noun, m., a-decl., hapax legomenon

Type: plant

Last Update: 12.08.2011 14:12

Reference Last Update: 26.09.2020 03:57

Meaning Last Update: 10.09.2009 13:10

  • A: plant: native
    ?? Clinopodium vulgare L., wild basil, Wirbeldost
↑ top

Comment Last Update: 10.05.2011 10:03

  • Comment on (A): ?? Clinopodium vulgare L., wild basil, Wirbeldost

    The identification is based on the fact that OE →mistel can denote either Viscum album L. or C. vulgare. Cf. HA CXIX: "Wiþ heafod ece genim þas wyrte þe man ocimum 7 oþrum naman mistel nemneþ (Cockayne 1962,I,232). The model of HA has Gk ώκιμον, Ocimum Basilicum L., basil, Basilikum, which is not native to the British Isles an therefore was probably substituted with C. vulgare (cf. ModE wild basil). As eorþmistel occurs in the same recipe with →āc-mistel the name is probably used to denote the other 'mistel', C. vulgare, which is growing on the ground.

↑ top

Occurrence Last Update: 13.07.2009 20:50

  • LB, 27/23 nasg eorþmistel
↑ top

Image Last Update: 12.08.2011 14:12

?? Clinopodium vulgare L., wild basil, Wirbeldost

Clinopodium_vulgare

Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Sturm, Jacob, and Johann Georg Sturm. Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen. Nürnberg: Selbstverl., 1796.

↑ top

Research Literature

BW I: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 1. Bern, Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1975.
DOE: Cameron, Angus, Ashley Crandell Amos, Antonette di Paolo Healey, et al. (eds.). Dictionary of Old English (A to G). CD-Rom. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies for the Dictionary of Old English Project, 2008.
HA: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Herbarium Apuleii Platonici." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 1. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 1-325.
LB: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Leech Book." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 2. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Longman [et. al.], 1961. 1-360.
LB: Leonhardi, Günther. Kleinere angelsächsische Denkmäler I. Bibliothek der ags. Prosa VI. Hamburg: Grand, 1905.
Deegan, Marilyn. A Critical Edition of MS. B.L. Royal 12.D.XVII: Bald's 'Leechbook'. Diss. Univ. of Manchester. 1988.
Hankins, Freda Richards. Bald's 'Leechbook' Reconsidered. Diss. Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1993.
MS London, British Library, Royal 12 D.xvii.
Sauer, Hans. Patterns of loan-influence on the Medieval English plant names, with special reference to the influence of Greek. In: Foreign Influences on Medieval English, Eds. Jacek Fisiak, and Magdalana Bator. Studies in English medieval language and literature. 28. Frankfurt/Main: Lang, 2011. 55-76.
Storms, Godfrid (ed.). Anglo-Saxon Magic. Reprint of the 1948 ed. published by M. Nijhoff, The Hague. Norwood, Pa: Norwood Editions, 1975.
Wright, Cyril E. (ed.). Bald's Leechbook. Early English manuscripts in facsimile. 5. Kopenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1955.