Tanacetum_balsamita

cost

noun, m. (n.?), a-decl., 23 occ.

Type: plant

Last Update: 11.08.2011 11:40

Old-English: costes,

Latin (Machine generated): COSTA, COSTA UEL COSTIS, COSTUS,

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Reference Last Update: 25.09.2020 14:02

Meaning Last Update: 05.08.2009 11:17

  • A: plant: foreign " It was introduced into England in the sixteenth century," Rodale's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs (on books.google.at).
    Tanacetum balsamita L., alecost, Balsamkraut
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Comment Last Update: 14.05.2012 17:43

  • Comment on (A): Tanacetum balsamita L., alecost, Balsamkraut

    This plant was introduced in the 16th cent. (cf. Grigson 1974, s.v. costmary); Banham doubts the existence of foreign species and suggests local varieties, like Tanacetum vulgare L., tansy, Rainfarn or Chrysanthemum segetum L., corn marigold, Saat-Wucherblume as possible substitutes (cf. 1990,242) but the author of the Lacnunga did specify the use of →cost, æncglisc, possibly denoting a substitute.

    Etymology: L COSTUS.

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Occurrences Last Update: 26.05.2009 06:37

  • AntFö, 127,177 COSTUS cost
  • C 28, Na 56, 392 COSTA cost
  • Dur, 132 COSTA UEL COSTIS cost
  • LA, 102/4 nasg cost
  • LA, 192/4 nasg cost
  • LA, 194/18[1] nasg cost
  • Laud, 354 COSTUS cost
  • LB, 19/18 nasg cost
  • LB, 21/1 nasg cost
  • LB, 21/5 nasg cost
  • LB, 32/1 nasg cost
  • LB, 37/11 nasg cost
  • LB, 37/28 nasg cost
  • LB, 42/10 nasg cost
  • LB, 64/13 gsg costes
  • LB, 64/18 nasg cost
  • LB, 72/13 nasg cost
  • LB, 81/38 nasg cost
  • LB, 83/10 gsg costes
  • LB, 83/14 nasg cost
  • LB, 96/35[2] gsg coses
  • PD, 47/25[3] asg cost
  • Æ, 311,1 COSTA cost
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Etymology Last Update: 11.08.2011 11:40

  • Etymology: Etymology-Comment:
  • Word-Formation:
  • Word-Formation-Comment:
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Image Last Update: 11.08.2011 11:40

Tanacetum balsamita L., alecost, Balsamkraut

Tanacetum_balsamita

Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: www.uni-duisburg.de/.../str...

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Research Literature

AldVNa: Napier, Arthur Sampson. Old English Glosses. Anecdota Oxoniensia, Mediaeval and Modern Series. 11. Reprint of Oxford, Clarendon Press 1900. Hildesheim: Olms, 1969.
AntFö: Förster, Max. "Die altenglische Glossenhandschrift Plantinus 32 (Antwerpen) und Additional 32246 (London)." Anglia 41 (1917): 94-161.
BW I: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 1. Bern, Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1975.
BW II: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 2. Bern, Frankfurt am Main, München: Lang, 1976.
BW III: Bierbaumer, Peter. Der botanische Wortschatz des Altenglischen. Grazer Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 3. Frankfurt am Main, Bern, Las Vegas: Lang, 1979.
DOE: Cameron, Angus, Ashley Crandell Amos, Antonette di Paolo Healey, et al. (eds.). Dictionary of Old English (A to G). CD-Rom. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies for the Dictionary of Old English Project, 2008.
Dur: Lindheim, B. von. Das Durhamer Pflanzenglossar. Beiträge zur englischen Philologie. 35. Bochum-Langendreer: Pöppinghaus, 1941.
LA, Lor: Grattan, John Henry Grafton, and Charles Singer. Anglo-Saxon Magic and Medicine. London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1952.
Laud: Stracke, J. Richard (ed.). The Laud Herbal Glossary. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1974.
LA: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "[Lacnunga] Recipies." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 3. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 2-81.
LB: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Leech Book." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 2. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Longman [et. al.], 1961. 1-360.
LB: Leonhardi, Günther. Kleinere angelsächsische Denkmäler I. Bibliothek der ags. Prosa VI. Hamburg: Grand, 1905.
PD: Löweneck, Max (ed.). Peri Didaxeon. Erlanger Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 12. Erlangen: Junge, 1896.
Banham, Debby. The Knowledge and Uses of Food Plants in Anglo-Saxon England. Diss. Cambridge University. Index to Theses. 40. Cambridge: 1990.
Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Peri Didaxeon." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 3. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 82-143.
Deegan, Marilyn. A Critical Edition of MS. B.L. Royal 12.D.XVII: Bald's 'Leechbook'. Diss. Univ. of Manchester. 1988.
Grein, Christian-Wilhelm-Michael (ed.). Bibliothek der angelsächsischen Poesie. Göttingen: Wigand, 1864.
Grigson, Geoffrey. A Dictionary of English Plant Names and Some Products of Plants. London: Allen Lane, 1974.
Hankins, Freda Richards. Bald's 'Leechbook' Reconsidered. Diss. Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1993.
MS London, British Library, Royal 12 D.xvii.
MS London, British Library, Harley 585.
MS Oxford, St John's College, 154.
MS Antwerp, Plantin-Moretus Museum, 47.
MS London, British Library, Add. 32246.
MS Durham, Cathedral, Hunter 100.
MS Oxford, Bodleian, Laud Misc. 567.
Olds, Barbara M.. The Anglo-Saxon Leechbook III: A Critical Edition and Translation. Diss. Univ. of Denver. 1985.
Pettit, Edward, (ed. and trans.). Anglo-Saxon Remedies, Charms and Prayers from British Library MS Harley 585: the 'Lacnunga'. Vol. I: Introduction, Text, Translation, and Appendices. Vol. II: Commentary and Bibliography. Mellen Critical Editions and Translations. 6A and 6B. Lewiston, Queenston and Lampeter: Mellen, 2001.
Sanborn, Linda (ed.). An Edition of British Library MS. Harley 6258B: Peri Didaxeon. Diss. Ottawa: University of Ottawa, 1983.
Sauer, Hans. Patterns of loan-influence on the Medieval English plant names, with special reference to the influence of Greek. In: Foreign Influences on Medieval English, Eds. Jacek Fisiak, and Magdalana Bator. Studies in English medieval language and literature. 28. Frankfurt/Main: Lang, 2011. 55-76.
Wright, Cyril E. (ed.). Bald's Leechbook. Early English manuscripts in facsimile. 5. Kopenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1955.
[1]:

Cont.: cymen 7 cost 7 piper 7 gingifr[e] 7 hwit cudu; also cf. the recipe recorded in the PD and Grattan / Singer (1952, 195,n.2).

[2]:

MS: costes.

[3]:

Cont.: hwyt cudu and gyngyfere and recels and lauwinberigean and cost; L text (Löweneck 1896,46/11): COSTI [...] MASTICUM, ZINZIBERIS, LIBANI, LAURI BACCARUM.