noun, f., n-decl., 92 occ.

Type: plant

Last Update: 28.04.2014 13:14

Old-English: webrāde-, wegbrǣde, wægbrǣde, wægbrēde, webrǣde, webrāde, wegbrǣd (?), uegbradae, vegbrade, uuaegbradae, uuegbradae, uuegbradæ, uuegbrade, wægbrađa, wegbrade, weibrade, weibrode,


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References Last Update: 24.05.2022 09:58

Meaning Last Update: 06.12.2010 08:26

  • A: plant: native
    Plantago major L., greater plantain, Breit-Wegerich
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Comment Last Update: 26.09.2011 10:16

  • Comment on (A): Plantago major L., greater plantain, Breit-Wegerich

    All L lemmata, except LAPATIUM (cf. our note) can denote P. major or P. lanceolata (cf. →ribbe); but the name 'way-broad, Wegbreite' only suits the leaves of P. major, cf. Marzell (2000,3,815), who describes the leaves as: "breit eiförmig, meist siebennervig". Pettit introduces and immediately rejects other attempts at identification (2001,CXXVII, 760), which belong to the occurrence LA 172/23: He does not agree with Chickering (1971,96), who identifies wegbrade as Plantago lanceolata L. because of the leave's resemblance with a spear and Glosecki (1989,132), who argues that wegbrade = wyrta modor, which will not have been a common image. He also rejects the identification 'dock' by Wardale (1935,24).

    Etymology: To OE weg 'road, Weg' and brad 'broad, breit'; because of the plant's habitat and the shape of the leaves - in contrast to the the lanceolate leaves of P. lanceolata L., cf. |LINKTO lǣce-wyrt].

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Occurrences Last Update: 28.04.2014 13:14

  • AntFö, 132,203 CINAGLOSSA ł PLANTAGO. LAPATIUM[1] wegbræde
  • Br,WW, 296,11 PLANTAGO wegbrade
  • Br,WW, 296,11 ARNAGLOSSE wegbrade
  • C 28, Na 56, 403 PLANTAGA wegbræde
  • C 36, Gough S.275 PLANTAGO wægbrađa[2]
  • C 71.1, Meritt 66, 6 PLANTAGINE wegbræde
  • C 71.2, Meritt 73c, 6 ARNEGLOSE wegbrade
  • C 84, Gough S.286 und Bierbaumer 1977, S.119 DE PLANTAGINE weibrode VEL planteine
  • ClQu, 40,12 ARNIGLOSA wegbræde
  • ClSt, A 485 ARNAGLOSA wegbræde
  • ClSt, A 495 ARNAGLOSA wegbræde
  • ClSt, P 195 PLANTAGO ł SEPTINERUIA wegbræde
  • Cp, 1625 (P 462) PLANTAGO uuegbrade
  • Cp, 223(A 763) ARNAGLOSA wegbrade
  • Dur, 39 ARNAGLOSA vegbrade
  • Ep, 65 ARNIGLOSA uuagbradae
  • Ep, 793 PLANTAGO UEL SEPTINERBIA uuaegbradae
  • Erf, 65 ARMIGLOSSA uegbradae
  • Erf, 793 PLANTAGA UEL SEPTINERBIA uuegbradæ
  • HA, II, 4/14 nsg arniglosa ƀ ys wegbræd[3]
  • HA, II, 80/10[4] gsg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 80/12 gsg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 80/18 gsg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 80/8 nsg Wægbraede
  • HA, II, 82/1 asg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 82/16 asg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 82/19 gsg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 82/22f[5] gsg wægbredan
  • HA, II, 82/4 gsg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 82/6 gsg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 84/10f gsg wægbrædan
  • HA, II, 84/14 gsg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 84/2 asg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 84/20 asg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 84/24[6] asg wegbræden
  • HA, II, 86/10 gsg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 86/17 asg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 86/18 asg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 86/2 gsg wegbrædan
  • HA, II, 86/6 gsg wegbrædan
  • LA, 102/15 gsg wegbrædan
  • LA, 110/16 nsg wegbræde
  • LA, 150/18[7] nsg wegbrade
  • LA, 156/8[8] nsg wegbrade
  • LA, 166/13[9] asg wegbrædan
  • LA, 172/23 nsg wegbræde
  • LA, 198/7 asg wegbrædan
  • Laud, 1138 PLANTAGO weibrade
  • LB, 104/14 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 104/20 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 109/14 gsg wegbrædan
  • LB, 17/32 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 19/16[10] asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 21/36 nsg wegbræde
  • LB, 22/1 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 24/24 nsg wegbræde
  • LB, 25/10 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 25/2 nsg wegbræde
  • LB, 25/5 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 25/8 nsg wegbræde
  • LB, 25/9 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 28/12 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 28/30 nsg wegbræde
  • LB, 28/32 gsg wegbrædan
  • LB, 32/4 nsg wegbræde
  • LB, 34/15f asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 34/5f asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 37/19 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 39/20 nsg wegbræde
  • LB, 40/40 nsg wegbræde
  • LB, 41/11 gsg wegbrædan
  • LB, 41/13 nsg wegbræde
  • LB, 41/8 gsg wegbrædan
  • LB, 42/38 nsg wegbræde
  • LB, 44/1 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 44/5 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 44/7 gsg wegbrædan
  • LB, 54/23 gsg wegbrædan
  • LB, 66/14 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 74/14 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 8/11 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 82/22 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 83/23 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 84/4f dsg wegbrædan
  • LB, 94/19 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 95/37 asg wegbrædan
  • LB, 96/11 nsg wegbræde
  • PD, 53/9 asg wegbrædan
  • PD, 9/32 asg plantaginem[11], þæt ys webrædan
  • Æ, (C) 311,4 PLANTAGO wægbræde
  • Æ, 311,4 PLANTAGO wegbræde
  • Æ, 311,4 PLANTAGO wegbræde
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Etymology Last Update: 28.04.2014 13:14

  • Etymology: Etymology-Comment:
  • Word-Formation:
  • Word-Formation-Comment:
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Image Last Update: 28.04.2014 13:14

Plantago major L., greater plantain, Breit-Wegerich


Botanical-Information: stylised plate

Source: →reference-information

Thomé, Otto Wilhelm. Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. In 4 Mappen ; 531 Tafeln in naturgetreuen Farben mit 668 Pflanzenarten. Leipzip: Teubner, 1938.

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Research Literature

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Ep, Erf: Pheifer, J.D. (ed.). Old English Glosses in the Epinal-Erfurt Glossary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974.
Ep: Brown, Alan Kelsey. The Epinal Glossary edited with Critical Commentary of the Vocabulary. Vol. I: Edition. Vol. II: Commentary. Diss., Stanford University. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1969.
HA: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "Herbarium Apuleii Platonici." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 1. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 1-325.
LA, Lor: Grattan, John Henry Grafton, and Charles Singer. Anglo-Saxon Magic and Medicine. London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1952.
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LA: Cockayne, Oswald Thomas (ed.). "[Lacnunga] Recipies." In: Leechdoms, Wortcunning and Starcraft of Early England. Being a Collection of Documents, for the Most Part never before Printed, Illustrating the History of Sience in this Country before the Norman Conquest. Vol. 3. Rev. Ed. by Charles Singer. London: Holland Press, 1961. 2-81.
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LB: Leonhardi, Günther. Kleinere angelsächsische Denkmäler I. Bibliothek der ags. Prosa VI. Hamburg: Grand, 1905.
PD: Löweneck, Max (ed.). Peri Didaxeon. Erlanger Beiträge zur Englischen Philologie 12. Erlangen: Junge, 1896.
WW, Prosp, Br: Wright, Thomas. Anglo-Saxon and Old English Vocabularies. 2nd ed. by Richard Paul Wülcker. Reprint of the 1884 ed. published by Trübner, London. Vol. 1: Vocabularies. Vol. 2: Indices. New York: Gordon, 1976.
Berberich, Hugo, ed. Das Herbarium Apuleii nach einer früh-mittelenglischen Fassung. Anglistische Forschungen 5. Nachdruck Amsterdam, 1966. Heidelberg: Winter, 1902.
Bierbaumer, Peter. "Zu J.V. Goughs Ausgabe einiger altenglischer Glossen." Anglia 95, 1/2 (1977): 115-121.
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Hilbelink, A.J.G. (ed.). Cotton MS Vitellius C III of the Herbarium Apuleii. Diss. Amsterdam: 1930.
Howald, Ernestus und Henricus Sigerist (eds.). Corpus Medicorum Latinorum. Bd.4. Antonii Musae de Herba Vettonica Liber. Pseudoapulei Herbarius. Anonymi de Taxone Liber. Sexti Placiti Liber Medicinae ex Animalibus etc. Leipzig: Teubner, 1927.
Hunger, Friedrich Wilhelm Tobias (ed.). The Herbal of Pseudo-Apuleius. From the ninth-century manuscript in the abbey of Monte Cassino [Codex Casinen-sis 97] together with the first printed edition of Jon. Phil. de Lignamine [Editio princeps Romae 1481] both in facsimile, described and annotated by F.W.T. Hunger. Leyden: Brill, 1935.
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LAPATIUM does not go with wegbrāde and seems to have been paired with docce (cf. s.v. docce); this is supported by the fact that in Ant the gloss GLADIOLUM glædene precedes this entry; in Br, WW 297,25f it was mixed with the gloss LAPPATIUM docce (cf. s.v. docce).


This is the version of the MS; Gough emends to wægbrada.


HiIbeIink: wegbræde; MS H: wegbrade.


MS B: wægbrædan.


HilbeIink: wægbrædan; MS B wegbrædan.


Hilbelink: wegbrædan.


Nine Herbs Charm: Ond þu wegbrade, wyrta modor eastan op[e]n[o], innan mihtigu.


Cont.: wegbrade þe eastan open sy.


Cont.: genime wegbrædan, do on win, sup[e] þæt wos, 7 ete þa wyrta; the occurrance can also be apl.


The MS has wegbræ.


Cockayne"s reading; the MS has . PLATAGINE.